An interesting post about the Pagan Romans and their views on other religions:
Considering 2,000 years of Christian propaganda, as strange as it may sound, the Roman Empire mostly practiced freedom of religion.
As we all know Rome ruled over an enormous Empire from Scotland to the Pillars of Hercules to Persia. The Empire consisted of hundreds and hundreds of languages, races, tribes, ethnic groups and religions. As long as the locals paid their taxes and did not present a political threat to the Empire their local religions and customs were pretty much ignored.But Christians believed they were the “True Faith”.
As true believers tolerating other faiths was not high on their list. The Romans rightly felt Christians wanted to undermine the government and persecutions of Christians occurred.Mars - the Roman god of war. Mars was also an agricultural guardian. He was second in importance only to Jupiter, and he was the most prominent of the military gods worshipped by the Roman legions.With the adoption of Christianity by Constantine I, heresy had become a political issue in the late Roman empire.
Adherents of unconventional Christian beliefs not covered by the Nicene Creed like Novatianism and Gnosticism were banned from holding meetings, but the Roman emperor intervened especially in the conflict between orthodox and Arian Christianity, which resulted in the burning of Arian booksThe persecution of pagans by the Christian Roman Empire began late in the reign of Constantine the Great, when he ordered the pillaging and the tearing down of some temples.
Continued at Byzantine Military: The Roman Suppression of Paganism.
- The End of the Roman Republic Came Before Christianity (halsmith.wordpress.com)
- The Roman Mosaics – Part 1 – A Short History (romanarcheology.com)